Small soft growths found inside the uterus are called uterine polyps. Also known as an endometrial polyp, these polyps usually grow on the endometrium, a tissue lining the uterus.
The size of a uterine polyp can vary. It can be the size of a pea or the size of a small lemon. Also, you could have one or many uterine polyps at a single time.
A majority of the uterine polyps are not cancerous, and in most women, these don’t result in any symptoms. Some polyps don’t require treatment right away. But when needed, there are many ways of treating a uterine or endometrial polyp.
What Causes Uterine PolypThe exact reason for a woman developing a uterine polyp is still unclear, but doctors believe that it’s possibly caused due to hormonal changes.
Each month, the estrogen level increases and decreases, causing the endometrial lining to thicken and shed during a period. When the lining overgrows, then it results in the formation of a polyp.
Some things that make a woman more likely to have polyps include:
- Age – endometrial or uterine polyp is more common during the 40s and 50s. This is most probably due to estrogen level changes that happen before as well as during menopause.
- High blood pressure
- Taking tamoxifen for breast cancer
Symptoms of uterine polypA woman might not have all of the symptoms related to uterine polyp, especially if the polyp is a small-sized one or very less in number.
One of the common signs in a woman with uterine polyp is bleeding. The doctor needs to be informed if there are:
- Heavy periods
- Irregular periods
- Bleeding between periods
- Vaginal bleeding, especially after menopause
- Problems getting pregnant
Does Polyop cause weight gain?Polyps do not cause weight gain. However, obesity can contribute to polyp formation because fat produces more estrogen which can stimulate polyp formation and growth.
Treatment OptionsA majority of uterine polyps do not require any formal treatment. Treatment options are considered if a uterine polyp becomes problematic. Treatment options include:
MedicationsIn some instances, doctors prescribe hormonal medicines for symptomatic treatment. The medicines comprise Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone or GnRH agonists that work by blocking the production of certain hormones like estrogen and progesterone.
These are often prescribed as a cream. However, enough research has not been conducted on hormonal treatment’s efficacy when it comes to uterine polyps.
Non-invasive surgeryPolyps that cannot be decreased using medications are removed through non-surgical excision called hysteroscopic excision.
A majority of patients (7-8 out of 10) noted improvement in their symptoms after undergoing hysteroscopic excision.